|Major Suryavanshi Clans||Major Chandravanshi Clans||Major Agnivanshi Clans|
*Major Suryavanshi Clans*
The Rathore are a major Rajput clan originally descended from the Gahadvala Dynasty in Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh. At the time of the end of the British Raj in 1947 they were rulers in 14 different princely states in Marwar, Jangladesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. The Maharaja of Jodhpur is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Hindu Rajputs. Today the clan is numerous and spread over a wide geographical area. Many Rathores have pursued successful careers in politics.
At the time of Todds list in 1820, the Rathore clan had 24 branches, including the Barmera, Bika, Boola, Champawat, Dangi, Jaitawat, Jaitmallot, Jodha, Khabaria, Khokhar, Kotaria, Kumpawat, Mahecha, Mertiya, Pokharan, Mohania, Mopa, Randa, Sagawat, Sihamalot, Sunda, Udawat, Vanar and Vikramayat.
Water holding tank at Chittorgarh Fort, historic seat of the Sisodia clan
The Sisodias are Suryavanshi Rajputs claiming descent from Lord Rama through his son Lava. They were known as the Ranas of Mewar, which was a princely state under the British Raj. The earliest history of the clan claims that they moved from Lahore to Shiv Desh or Chitor in 134 AD. They established themselves as rulers of Mewar in 734 AD, ruling from the fortress of Chittorgarh. They trace their descent from Bappa Rawal (ruled 1734–1753), eighth ruler of the Guhilot Dynasty.
Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur on an inspection tour in the Middle East in World War II
The Kachwaha are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan who ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in India such as Dhundhar, Alwar, and Maihar, while the largest and oldest state was Amber, now part of Jaipur. The Maharaja of Jaipur is regarded as the head of the extended Kachwaha clan. There are approximately 71 subclans of the Kachwaha, including the Rajawat, Shekhawat, Sheobramhpota, Naruka, Nathawat, Khangarot, and Kumbhani. They claim descent from Kusha, the younger of the twin sons of Rama.
The Kachwaha clan ruled in Jaipur right up until modern times. The last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur was Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur (1917–1970). Shortly after India's independence in 1948, Sawai Man Singh peacefully acceded the state of Jaipur to the Government of India. He then was appointed the first Rajpramukh of Rajasthan.
Shekhawat is a sub-clan of Kachwaha Rajputs found mainly in Rajasthan, India. The Shekhawat clan claims descent from the great rajput warrior Maharao Shekha Ji. The Shekhawats were the most prominent among all sub clans of Kachwahas of Jaipur in Rajasthan. Shekhawats were the rulers of Shekhawati
Gaur Rajputs: (गौड़)
The Suryavanshi rajputs of gaur are basically the descendants of the rajput 'PALA DYNASTY'which once used to rule ancient bengal then known as gaur. Its capital was lakshmanabati named after the great pala king Lakshman pal under whose patronage the first literary work in bengali 'Geet govindam'was composed by the great bengali poet JAYDEV.
Some old texts of the British raj refer to the PALA rajputs as Gour or Gaur rajputs . Government gazettes of the British era have references to Gaur Zamindars in Uttar Pradesh , Madhya Pradesh & Rajasthan.Some of the other grest pala rulers were RAM PAL,DEV PAL, VIJAy PAL,etc.
One of the surviving linages of this clan : PAWAYAN (Zamindari): Founded around 1705 by Raja Udai Singh, who was the son of Bhupat Singh, a leader of the ancient Gaur clan of Rajputs settled at Chandra and Katesar in Sitapur, U.P. He established Pawayan, the largest estate in the erstwhile Rohilkhand Area and the present District Shahjahanpur in U.P. Gaur Rajputs originated from Gaur Desh (country), in West Bengal. The Gaur Rajputs had dispersed to various parts of Northern and Central India after the onslaught of the Persian raider, Bhaktiar Khilji, around 1205.
Most of the Gaur clan is spread across the central India, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan Presently most of Gaur rajputs are spread across the state Rajasthan most of them were settled near Jaipur (Chandlai), Ajmer, Hudeel, Rajgarh, Maroth & Nagaur This clan was known as the greatest Riders, Fighters. they was the supporters of PrithviRaj Chauhan & also supported Rana Sanga in The battle of Khanwa against Mugal King Babar.
The Bais Rajput, (also known as Bhains Rajput in certain regions), are a powerful and ancient Rajput clan composed of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs, and Zimindar (land owners). The Bais claim descent from Lakshmana, brother of Rama. The Bais Rajput are renowned as warriors with the ability to maintain dominion over their empires. Their reputation was earned by their kings and landowners that ruled over northern India for and held vast tracts of land for the clan. Princely states of the Bais were Oudh, Lucknow, and Sialkot.
They are a numerous group, today found all over Northern India, particularly in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
The Bais Rajput clan never kill snakes, which they hold in great reverence. The Baise believe that no snake has destroyed, or ever can destroy, one of the clan. A cobra forms part of the clan's flag.
Bais surnames are: Bais, Badhelia, Baniya, Baruliya, Basade, Beunse, Bhains, Bhaisade, Kataha, Khathabains, Rao, Tilokchandi, and Vense.
The most respected and highly distinguished amongst all the rajput clans as a rajput can not be a Kashatriya if not a Chattari.The mother caste of suryavanshi Rajputs which originated from Rajputana in Rajasthan. However, there are many Gotras and sub castes in other major dynasties which emerged from the Chattari lineage. Chattaris belong to the military and ruling order of the traditional Vedic-Hindu social system as outlined by the Vedas.
Minhas Rajputs are Suryavanshis and claim descent from Rama a legendary king of Ayodhya. In Rajputana, their closest cousins are the Kachwaha and Bargujar Rajputs of Jaipur. They trace their ancestry to the Ikshvaku dynasty of Northern India (The same clan in which Lord Rama was born. He, therefore is the 'kuldevta'(family deity) of the Hindu Minhas Rajputs). Specifically, they claim descent from Kusha younger of the twin sons of Rama, hero of the Ramayana, to whom patrilineal descent from Surya is in turn ascribed Minhas Rajputs are spread throughout Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir Region in India. Hindu Minhas Rajputs reside in the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Indian Punjab, Sikh Minhas Rajputs, mainly inhabit Punjab (India).
Pakhral Rajput is a sub clan of Minhas Rajput. Pakhral Rajputs are the most dynamic rulers in the history of sub-continent and they deserve for holding the dinstinction of being the hero of sub-continent. The founders of the city and state of Jammu and its rulers from ancient times to 1948 C.E. Ansistors of Pakhral Rajputs are mostly Hindus, in early 18th and 19th century mostly Pakhral Rajputs embraced Islam and moved from Jaipur and Rajastan(India) to Kashmir and Pakistan. Punjab specially the area of Potohar and Azad jamu Kashmir is the origin of Pakhral Rajputs. Mirpur Azad jamu Kashmir and the Rawalpindi District mostly named as the area of potohar is very famous as the area of Pakhral Rajputs. Raja is mostly used as a title in Pakhral Rajputs which is derived from the word Rajput. Still a number of Pakhral Rajputs are living proudly in many regions of Pakistan and India.Pakhral Rajputs have also Contributed In British and Pakistan Army Raja Muhammad Akbar got 2 Medal of Courage in Both 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak War(He Belonged From The Village of Shohwa) Raja Fazaldad Khan was also a brave officer in the British Army.These People are also Termed as Zamindar. A Famous Village of Pakhral Clan Is The Village Of Shohwa (known in area as Karkan Shohwa) near Rawalpindi.
The Narus of Hoshiarpur District claim that their ancestor was a Suryavanshi Rajput of Muttra, named Nipal Chand, and descended from Raja Ram Chand. He was converted in the time of Mahmud of Ghazni and took the name of Naru Shah. Naru Shah settled at Mau in Jalandhar, Whence his son, Ratan Pal, founded Phillaur hence founded the four Naru parganas of Hariana, Bajwara, Sham Chaurasi and Ghorewaha in Hoshiarpur and that of Bahram in Jullunder. The chief men of these parganas are still called Rai or Rana. Some kept Brahmans of the Baadeo got.
Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the country on both sides of the Sutlej, and placed Talochar in charge of it. After leaving Mau he made Bajwara his capital, but the attacks made on him by the hill chiefs compelled him to invoke Mahmud's aid, and Pathan troops were sent him who were cantoned along the foot of the Siwaliks and are still settled there. Rana Sihra, Naru Khan's descendant in the fifth generation, returned to Ajudhia, whence Talochar had come, and re-conquered his ancient kingdom, over which he appointed a viceroy. He died at his way back to Punjab at Sunam. His third descendant Rana Mal, had five sons-Kilcha, Bhoja, Dhuni, Massa and Jassa, who divided the territory. Kilcha got the Hariana ilaqa with 750 villages, including Nandachuar, Bahram, Bulhowal, with the title of Tika. Bhoja got Bajwara, Sham Chaurasi, Ahrana, Ajram, Baroti and their dependent villages. Dhuni got the Dhuniat, i.e., Patti, Khanaura, Muna, Badla, Harta, etc. Naru Khan's grandson Baripal had already seized Bhangala, and Dasuya. Basically naru rajputs are surajbansi rajputs. Historically they are from Rajastan and many of them now living in punjab. They are now mostly Muslims. Some are in Pakistan and few ones are living in India. In Pakistan they mostly found in Sialkot, lahore,shiekhupura, gujranwala,Mianwali and faisalabad. some are satelled in Sindh provence. They use the title Rana or Chaudry.
Saharan means (King of the world). Saharan (Gotra) is an ancient Kshatriya Rajput. They use title Shah, Rana, Chaudhary and Malik. Earlier they were in Central Asia than they migrated to northern salt-range Punjab region in India and at the time of Alexander invasion in Punjab in 326 B.C. they fought with Alexander The Great and than Saran along with Sihag,Punia,Godara,Beniwal and Johiya migrated to north Rajasthan region known as Jangladesh and ruled there till 15th century. Megasthenes described them as Syrieni (Saharan), a powerful warrior race in his bookIndica. Some of them adopted the profession of agriculture and consider as Jatts. They claim fom Yaduvanshi king Maharaja Gaj of Ghazni. Some Saharans in India and Pakistan still claim from Kshatriya rajputs and their lineage go to Lord Rama (Ram Chandra)included Saharans of Syedwala in Punjab. Some Saharan come from Bhatti Rajput and some connect their linage to Saharan who was the brother of Sindu (Two rulers of Gujrat, India). Some come from Raja Saharan of Thanesar who embraced Islam and this raja also belonged to Gujrat. Some Saharans come from Nagavanshi Rajput linage which also go back to Lord Rama.
Chittorgarh Fort, the seat of the Sisodia kingdom of Mewar, was the site of the three most famous Jauhars recorded in history. When defeat in a siege became certain, the ladies of the fort committed collective self-immolation (Jauhar). Wearing their wedding dresses, and holding their young children by the hand, the women would commit themselves to the flames of a massive, collective pyre, thereby escaping molestation and dishonour at the hands of the invading army. This immolation would occur during the night, to the accompaniment of Vedic chants. Early the next morning, the men would wear saffron-colored garments, apply the ash from the pyres of their wives and children on their foreheads, and put a tulsi leaf in their mouth. Then the gates would be opened and men would ride out for one final, hopeless battle in which death was certain (performing Saka). These acts of Jauhar and Saka are still remembered and have become an important part of Rajput culture and ethos.
A Raghav Rajput is a member of one of the major Suryavanshi Rajput clans of India who ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states. Raghav is the oldest Suryavanshi Rajput clan. They enjoy a reputation as rulers and soldiers. The Raghav population and the former Rajput states are found spread through much the subcontinent, particularly in North India and central India. The Raghav are the forefathers of many Suryavanshi Rajput clans such as the Sisodiyas, Kachwahas, and Minhass. Their kuldevta (family deity) is Lord Rama and their kuldevi (goddess) is Sita.